STORIA DELL’ARTE

L’Area di Storia dell’arte del CRDU coordina, in collaborazione col Dipartimento di Studi Umanistici, l’attività di tre corsi accreditati dall’Università di Pavia: Archeologia dell’Italia Preromana (prof. Massimiliano Di Fazio), Storia della critica d’arte e Storia dell’architettura moderna (prof. Giampaolo Angelini).

L’Area di Storia dell’Arte si impegna inoltre alla diffusione e divulgazione dei contenuti di ricerca tramite la sistematica organizzazione di conferenze, seminari e convegni.

Comitato Scientifico:

prof. Luisa Giordano (Presidente)
prof. Andrea Belvedere (Segretario)
dott. Gianpaolo Angelini
dott. Maria Elena Gorrini
prof. Maurizio Harari
prof. Giovanni Vigo

Per l’a.a. 2021-2022 è prevista l’organizzazione dei seguenti corsi accreditati dall’Università di Pavia:

PREHISTORY AND PROTOHISTORY OF THE MEDITERRANEAN

Lezioni in lingua inglese nell’ambito del corso di studi “The Ancient Mediterranean World. History, Archaeology and Art”

A basic knowledge of archaeological processes, theoretical approaches and general methodology of research is recommended.
The course is divided in two parts. Part I aims to present a wide, and up-to-date, overview on the prehistory and protohistory of the Mediterranean, with special focus on selected key issues, questions and problems. The main goal of Part I is to provide students with a clear understanding of the general framework of the cultures around the Mediterranean, and their evolution throughout pre and protohistory, conducted through several insights into specific themes, especially regarding Italian prehistory and protohistory as part of the wider Mediterranean picture. Part II aims to provide the students with an overview on the rise of metallurgy from the Near East to Europe, transfer of technology in metal work, and the chaîne opératoire of metal production. Special focus will be on analytical techniques and how they can help us to achieve further knowledge on materials used, manufacturing techniques applied, and the usage of the final objects.
Another topic of the course will be on Bronze Age arms and armour as an example of how a material group may be studied: distribution, chronology, typology, manufacture and usage will be discussed. Moreover, an introduction to the protection of cultural heritage and cultural heritage objects on the market will be provided, and how archaeologists can act to protect them.

Programma del corso (36 ore) – 6 CFU – (I semestre)

Part I: 8 lectures by dr. Rondini.
After an introduction (Lecture 1) about the concept of prehistory, the course will briefly highlight the latest developments in evolutionary studies. Then, the first stages of human prehistory
(Lecture 2: Palaeolithic and Mesolithic) will be shortly introduced. Neolithic age
(Lectures 3-4) will be approached both by a general point of view and through a particular case of study. Copper age (Lecture 5) will be presented through the study of its main cultural and religious aspects, such as European megalithic sanctuaries, with special focus on its Italian counterpart. The course will then focus on the Bronze and early Iron ages (Lectures 6-8), with three different blocks based on chronology (Ancient and medium Bronze Age, Late Bronze Age and Iron Age) centered around Italy as a link between Mediterranean and Europe. Key concepts, such as mobility, gender acknowledgement, trade and exchange, Bronze Age economy long-range links, rock art and the main steps in social evolution, will also be highlighted.
Part II: 8h by Dr. Mödlinger.
• Bronze Age warfare (Lecture 1; 2h): An overview on Bronze Age arms and armour will be presented, focusing on metal weapons and shields, cuirasses, helmets, and greaves. Distribution, chronological aspects, as well as usage (including experimental archaeology) will be discussed.
• Archaeometallurgy (Lecture 2-3; 4h): The course aims to give an overview on the basic analytical applications in archaeometallurgy, using a variety of case studies (2h). Also, the focus will be on the beginnings of early metallurgy from the Near East to Europe (2h).
• Illicit trafficking of Cultural Heritage (Lecture 4; 2h): An overview on the most important European conventions on the protection of cultural heritage, case studies, pro/contra metal detectoring, responsibilities and strategies for heritage protection for archaeologists will be discussed.

Dipartimenti accreditati: Studi Umanistici.

Docente: Paolo Rondini e Marianne Moedlinger

Testi di riferimento:

Part I
Required main textbook:
• C. Broodbank, The Making of the Middle Sea. A History of the Mediterranean from the Beginning to the Emergence of the Classical World, Thames and Hudson, 2013 (first paperback edition 2015).
Chapters 4-5-6-7-8-9 (chapters 1-3 and 10 are optional, but recommended)
Further optional suggested readings about European prehistory and prehistoric rock art:
• John E. Robb, R. Helen Farr, Substances in motion. Neolithic Mediterranean “trade”, in E. Blake, A. Bernard Knapp (eds), The archaeology of Mediterranean prehistory, Blackwell Publishing, 2005, pp. 24-45.PDF ON REQUEST/dropbox
• A. F. Harding, Introduction, in A. F. Harding, European Societies in the Bronze Age, Cambridge University Pre
• K. Kristiansen 2018. The Rise of Bronze Age Peripheries and the Expansion of International Trade 1950–1100 BC. In K. Kristiansen, T. Lindkvist, & J. Myrdal (a cura di), Trade and Civilisation: Economic
Networks and Cultural Ties, from Prehistory to the Early Modern Era.
Cambridge University Press, Cambridge: pp. 87-112. FREE DOWNLOAD on Academia.edu
• A. Harding 2013, World systems, cores and peripheries in prehistoric Europe, European Journal of Archaeology, 2013 FREE DOWNLOAD on Academia.edu)
• A. Harding 2015, The Emergence of Elite Identities in Bronze Age Europe, Origini, XXXVII, 2015, 111-121 (available on Academia.edu).
• R. Bradley, A comparative study of Rock Art in Later Prehistoric Europe, Cambridge Elements. The Archaeology of Europe, 2020
Part II:
Bronze Age warfare
• Dolfini, A. – Crellin, R. – Horn, C. – Uckelmann, M. (eds). 2018. Prehistoric warfare and violence: Quantitative and qualitative approaches (Springer). [Obligatory: chapters 3 (Tollense) and 13 (experimental approach)]. PDF ON REQUEST/dropbox
• Mödlinger, M. 2017. Protecting the body in war and combat: metal body armour in Bronze Age Europe. Oriental and European Archaeology 6 (Wien: ÖAW). [Obligatory: introduction and chapter 7].
http://austriaca.at/7741-8inhalt?frames=yes OPEN ACCESS Production of bronze, use-wear analyses and experimental archaeology
• Hermann, R., Dolfini, A., Crellin, R.J. et al. Bronze Age Swordsmanship: New Insights from Experiments and Wear Analysis. J Archaeol Method Theory (2020).
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10816-020-09451-0 OPEN ACCESS
• Kuijpers M.H.G. (2017), A Sensory Update to the Chaîne Opératoire in Order to Study Skill: Perceptive Categories for Copper-Compositions in Archaeometallurgy, Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 25(3): 863-891. [Obligatory] https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10816-017-9356-9 OPEN ACCESS Beginnings of Metallurgy – Archaeometallurgy
• Radivojevi?, M., Roberts, B.W., Pernicka, E. et al. The Provenance, Use, and Circulation of Metals in the European Bronze Age: The State of Debate. J Archaeol Res 27, 131–185 (2019).
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10814-018-9123-9 OPEN ACCESS
• Roberts, B.W. & Thornton, C.P. (2014). Archaeometallurgy in Global Perspective: Methods and Syntheses. Springer. [Obligatory: chapter 17-18] PDF ON REQUEST/dropbox
Illicit trafficking of Cultural Heritage Material
• Watson, P. (2006). The Medici Conspiracy: The Illicit Journey of Looted Antiquities–From Italy’s Tomb Raiders to the World’s Greatest Museums.
• Please have a look at the following blogs and read into some of the entries, especially from the latter three links. [obligatory] • The following online blogs and websites:
• https://heritage-lost-eaa.com
• https://marketmassdestruction.com
• https://art-crime.blogspot.com/search/label/Lynda%20Albertson
• http://paul-barford.blogspot.com/
Moreover, have a look at the following links (check “future auctions” in
case) and hypothesise where these objects may actually come from and
how it is possible that they can be sold.
• https://timelineauctions.com/
• https://www.hermann-historica.de/en/auctions/list/category/984/id/1554
• https://www.christies.com/salelanding/index.aspx?intsaleid=28620&lid=1&saletitle=
Further readings, contents and papers may be handed out during the course.

Calendario delle lezioni:II semestre.

Aula: da definire

Modalità di verifica dell’apprendimento:  Esame Orale.